The words say it all: continued, i.e. long-standing conflicts or disputes. A conflict signals that there are at least two parties who don’t agree and can no longer work together. Contrasting opinions lead to a boundary that neither side overcomes. A conflict becomes ongoing if it fails to be de-escalated, i.e. defused. De-escalation prevents conflicts from continuing. If a conflict isn’t ended, it continues. A conflict often follows a particular pattern. In an ongoing conflict, this pattern is repeated over and again. INSTITUT SOMMER talks here about conflict ‘loops’. An ongoing conflict has lots of them. Businesses, group companies and organisations confronted with internal ongoing conflicts are weakened both economically and in terms of resources.